Building a house is no joke. It is an undertaking that encourages decisions and takes time. Despite the serious side of it, the process of home building is an exciting one. As a hands-on homeowner, you can personally witness how your house will come to life from ground zero. Although some say that it is quite stressful to be a hands-on homeowner due to the challenges that you face during the construction, you can lessen the stress level by knowing the home building process.
Site and Foundation
The first step of the home building process depends on the structure of your home. If you have a wooded lot, there is a need for the backhoe to clear all the debris, rock, trees, and the likes. Upon doing so, site levelling would be necessary before the establishment of footings. On the other hand, if your house has a basement, there is a need to dug on a hole to pave way for the floor. After which, the footings, along with the foundation walls, are formed and poured on. As soon as the concrete has been cured, waterproofing membrane is being applied. After the curing process, the stage inspection experts would drop by to ensure that the foundations are build in accordance with the standards. If they find the foundation unsatisfiable, the contractor should do the necessary step to fix it.
Framing, Plumbing, HVAC
Once the foundation has been placed, the skeleton of the house would be built. Using a plywood or strand board, the exterior walls would be installed. The roof, window, and door would follow as well. After which, the sheathing is placed on the exterior walls that act as a protective wrap to prevent the house from water infiltration and safeguard the wood structure of the house from rotting. After which, the pipes, wires, sewage lines, bathtubs, shower, HVAC, vents, water lines, and the likes are installed. The insulation comes in next. This could be in the form of fiberglass, spray foam, concrete blocks, cellulose, insulated panels, or concrete foam – which creates a more conducive indoor climate while boosting energy efficiency. After this process, specialists will again visit your house to check the framing, mechanical system, and plumbing works.
Exterior and Interior
Before painting the exterior, it is essential to install the drywall. After the primer coat has been applied, exterior finishes like stone and bricks could be installed by the contractor. If you have a walkway or driveway, now is the time to pave it out. After which, you can already apply the finishing coat of paint for your exterior, then you can move on the interior. In the interior, you should begin installing the decorative trims such as window sills, door casings, and baseboards. The hard surface flooring, together with the countertops and bathroom fixtures, come in next. Mirrors, carpet, shower doors, and exterior landscaping would come in last. To top it off, specialists would again check the house if it adheres to the Building Code. If the house satisfies the standard of the Building Code, an occupancy permit is issued. Otherwise, repairs should be made to adjust the concerns raised.
Constructing a house is a tedious and a long ride. There are several components and systems that you need to take into consideration. However, regardless of requirements, you should stick to the process and the rules to prevent future issues with your house.